Inside California Education: California’s Teacher Shortage
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Inside California Education: California’s Teacher Shortage


♪♪ ♪♪ “I’M GOING TO SEE IF YOU
CAN READ FOR 5 MINUTES TODAY WITHOUT TALKING TO YOUR
NEIGHBOR” JIM: ASHLI DUNCAN IS A
FIRST YEAR TEACHER AT SAN FRANCISCO’S BESSIE
CARMICHAEL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. ARE YOU READING PUPPIES? WHAT’S THIS ONE ABOUT? JIM:ASHLI COMES TO TEACHING
FROM A FAMILY THAT STRESSED EDUCATION AS A MEANS TO
IMPROVE YOURSELF AND YOUR COMMUNITY. ASHLI: I FEEL THAT TEACHING
AND EDUCATION IS A GREAT WAY TO CHANGE THE
COMMUNITY AS A WHOLE, AND IF YOU GIVE PEOPLE THE
SKILLS AND SELF-CONFIDENCE TO TRANSFORM THEIR LIVES
YOU’LL SEE THAT EFFECT IN THE COMMUNITY IF WE CAN DO THIS BY THE END OF
THE WEEK, GET TO 30 MISS DUNCAN WILL TAKE
YOU TO THE PARK JIM: ASHLI HAD
NO TROUBLE IN SECURING A JOB WHEN SHE
EMERGED FROM COLLEGE. THAT’S BECAUSE ASHLI COMES
TO EDUCATION AT A TIME WHEN CALIFORNIA’S PUBLIC SCHOOLS
ARE FINDING IT DIFFICULT TO FILL TEACHING POSITIONS.
A TEACHER SHORTAGE PROBLEM RESULTING FROM
A NUMBER OF FACTORS: NATIONWIDE, MANY TEACHERS
WERE LAID OFF DURING THE RECESSION AS SCHOOL
DISTRICTS CUT THEIR BUDGETS. ENTERING COLLEGE STUDENTS
WHO WERE THINKING ABOUT BECOMING TEACHERS SAW THE
HANDWRITING ON THE WALL AND FOCUSED ON OTHER CAREERS. ONE REPORT SAYS CALIFORNIA
LOST 82 THOUSAND JOBS IN SCHOOLS FROM 2008 TO 2012. IN THAT SAME PERIOD, THE
CALIFORNIA COMMISSION ON TEACHER CREDENTIALING
SAYS THOSE ENTERING TEACHER PREPARATION PROGRAMS DROPPED
BY MORE THAN 55 PERCENT. AND CALIFORNIA WAS NOT ALONE
IN SEEKING TEACHERS FROM THE LIMITED POOL OF
AVAILABLE TALENT. WE ARE REALLY
COMPETING WITH OTHER STATES. THE SHORTAGES ARE NATIONAL,
AND ESPECIALLY SEVERE IN THE WEST. NEVADA, CLARK COUNTY,
WHICH IS THE FASTEST GROWING COUNTY IN THE COUNTRY,
THAT’S WHERE LAS VEGAS IS, IS THAT EVERY JOB FAIR IN
CALIFORNIA SAYING COME TO NEVADA, WE HAVE, YOU KNOW,
HIGHER SALARIES AND LOWER HOUSING COSTS. SO WE ARE DEFINITELY
COMPETING WITH A LOT OF OTHER STATES. JIM: STANFORD UNIVERSITY’S
DR. LINDA DARLING-HAMMOND IS ONE OF THE AUTHORS OF
A STATEWIDE REPORT ON CALIFORNIA’S
TEACHER SHORTAGE. LINDA: WE’RE AT THE BEGINNING
OF WHAT’S ABOUT TO BECOME AN EVEN MORE ACUTE
TEACHER SHORTAGE, BUT IN THE LAST YEAR IT
BECAME VERY SEVERE IN A NUMBER OF DISTRICTS AND
IN SOME SPECIFIC TEACHING FIELDS, MATH, SCIENCE,
SPECIAL EDUCATION, ENGLISH LANGUAGE
DEVELOPMENT TEACHERS. BRITTANY YAVROM: THERE ARE
TWO WORDS AND WHEN YOU PUT THEM TOGETHER, THEY
MAKE ONE WORD JIM: BRITTANY YAVROM IS A TEACHER AT THE ENCINA
PREPARATORY HIGH SCHOOL IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA’S
SAN JUAN UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT. BRITTANY IS ONE OF THOSE WHO
BRIDGED THE GAP BETWEEN PAST LAYOFFS AND TODAY’S
DEMAND FOR TEACHERS IN THE CLASSROOM. BRITTANY: WHEN I FIRST CAME INTO
TEACHING, YOU KNOW 3 YEARS AGO THERE WERE VERY FEW
POSITIONS BUT THROUGHOUT MY ENTIRE SCHOOLING WE WERE
TOLD THE BABY BOOMERS ARE GOING TO RETIRE. THEY’RE GOING TO GO THERE
ARE GOING TO BE SOME MANY JOBS AVAILABLE. YOU’RE GOING TO GET TO
WORK WHEREVER YOU WANT. AND THAT DIDN’T HAPPEN AT
FIRST AND WE WERE SCRAMBLING AND TRYING TO TAKE ANY JOB
WE COULD JULIE: “YOU’VE GOT THAT
TWO BINARY.” JIM; WHILE THE REALITY OF
TEACHERS RETIRING DOES OPEN POSITIONS FOR NEW
CLASSROOM INSTRUCTORS, EXPERIENCED TEACHERS
LEAVING THE PROFESSION ARE ANOTHER FACTOR IN THE
SHORTAGE WE’RE SEEING TODAY. JULIE GARRETT IS LOOKING
AHEAD TO RETIREMENT AFTER MORE THAN A QUARTER
CENTURY IN THE CLASSROOM. JULIE: “THERE’S THAT
STRESS OF ARE WE GOING TO HAVE ENOUGH?” IF YOU DO REALLY HAVE AS
MANY TEACHERS RETIRE AS SAY THEY’RE GOING TO RETIRE,
WHAT ARE WE GOING TO DO. ARE WE GOING TO HAVE
ENOUGH PEOPLE TO FILL THOSE POSITIONS? WE’RE LOSING A LOT OF
EXPERIENCE THAT…NEW TEACHERS BRING IN THEIR
OWN POSITIVE POINTS BUT EXPERIENCED TEACHERS HAVE
SO MUCH TO GIVE AS WELL. WE ALSO HAVE SEEN THAT WITH
A BOOMING ECONOMY IN SAN FRANCISCO, YOU KNOW, PEOPLE
HAVE OPTIONS TO GO AND MAKE SIGNIFICANTLY MORE
MONEY IN, IN THE INDUSTRIES, SO WE’VE SEEN A 10% INCREASE
IN TEACHERS THAT HAVE LEFT AND RESIGNED AND GONE
INTO OTHER CAREERS. AND SOME DISTRICTS LIKE SAN FRANCISCO FACE AN
ADDITIONAL CHALLENGE WITH THE HIGH COST OF HOUSING. THAT HITS ESPECIALLY HARD
FOR NEW TEACHERS COMING IN AT LOWER LEVELS
IN THE PAY SCALE. ASHLI: WHEN I FIRST WAS
MOVING INTO THE CITY IT WAS REALLY HARD TO FIND HOUSING. IT WAS NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE. I WAS THINKING I WAS
GOING TO HAVE TO COMMUTE. I WAS NOT EXCITED
ABOUT THAT POSSIBILITY. BUT A FRIEND FROM COLLEGE
KNEW A FRIEND FROM WORK, WHO WAS HAVING AN
OPENING IN HER APARTMENT, AND I GOT THAT APARTMENT,
IT WAS GREAT, WONDERFUL. THEN THE RENT WENT UP. RICHARD: IF TEACHERS CAN’T
AFFORD TO LIVE IN THE CITY THAT THEY WANT TO LIVE IN,
THEN THEY’RE GOING TO MOVE SOMEWHERE ELSE TEACHER:”ESPECIALLY WITH
ONE OF MY CLASSES LIKE I KNOW WHEN OR WHAT SOME OF
MY STUDENTS WERE GOING TO ASK..” JIM: EFFORTS ARE UNDERWAY TO
INCREASE TEACHING NUMBERS. DR. PIA WONG LEADS THIS
EDUCATION DISCUSSION COURSE AT CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY.
EDUCATION CLASSES ON THE CSU CAMPUSES TURN
OUT THE LION’S SHARE OF NEW TEACHERS IN CALIFORNIA. HERE ON THE SACRAMENTO
CAMPUS, ENROLLMENT LEVELS ARE IMPROVING. WONG: WE HAVE BEEN ENGAGED IN
MANY INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES. THE SYSTEM HAS PROVIDED
A LOT OF SUPPORT FOR THE TEACHER PREPARATION PROGRAM
FACULTY TO BECOME FAMILIAR WITH AND START TO INFUSE
THEIR COURSE WORK WITH THE COMMON CORE STANDARDS AND
THE NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS. SO THAT WHEN OUR
CANDIDATES LEAVE, THEY CAN HIT THE
GROUND RUNNING. JIM: MANY DISTRICTS HAVE
BEGUN YEAR-ROUND OUTREACH EFFORTS ONLINE ALONG WITH
SEASONAL JOB FAIRS TO TAP INTO THE POOL OF THOSE WHO
MIGHT BE AVAILABLE TO TEACH. EVERYONE AGREES THAT
INCENTIVE BONUSES, HOUSING ASSISTANCE AND
MENTOR PROGRAMS WILL HELP TO NOT ONLY ATTRACT BUT
RETAIN NEW HIRES. THEY AGREE, HOWEVER, THAT IT
WILL TAKE POLITICAL WILL TO ADDRESS A PROBLEM THAT LOOKS
TO BE WITH US FOR SOME TIME TO COME.LINDA: WE DO NEED OUR
POLITICIANS AS WELL AS OUR
PUBLIC TO THINK ABOUT THE FACT
THAT THIS IS THE PROFESSION
ON WHICH ALL OTHER
PROFESSIONS DEPEND,
AND IF WE DON’T
GET THIS RIGHT,
WE’RE REALLY PUTTING OUR
SOCIETY AT RISK
IN A LOT OF WAYS THAT NONE
OF US WANTS TO DO.
♪♪ TEACHER TRAINING SCHOOLS IN THE
UNITED STATES DATE BACK TO THE 1820’S WHEN ONE OF THE
FIRST “NORMAL SCHOOLS” WAS OPENED IN CONCORD, VERMONT. THEY WERE CALLED “NORMAL
SCHOOLS” BECAUSE THEIR PURPOSE WAS TO ESTABLISH TEACHING
STANDARDS OR “NORMS”. MANY OF AMERICA’S BEST KNOWN
UNIVERSITIESBEGANAS NORMAL SCHOOLS. INCIDENTALLY, NORMAL, ILLINOIS
TOOK ITS NAME IN 1865 FROM THE ILLINOIS STATE
NORMAL
UNIVERSITY.

8 Comments

  • Javy Starz

    The solution is have buildings or the government to build affordable housing for teachers only. If a building refuse to house a teacher they should be held accountable lawfully. Teacher is a very important profession in this world. And also pay them better.

  • ahmed Aldhahir

    Hello dear
    I’m researcher from Iraq can you help me to get the book of science for ninth class in USA …. please

  • Judi Mcmahon

    I’m a displaced teacher with 29 years of experience and the only district I’ve ever been with is passive aggressively threatening me with losing my career because of competition from younger more tech savvy teachers. But the truth is they can get 2 new teachers or 3 long term substitute teachers for one of me. They deserve these shortages, look how badly they treat us , use us up and spit us out!!!

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